Nanopore ultra-long read sequencing technology for antimicrobial resistance detection in Mannheimia haemolytica
5th March 2019 - Journal of Microbiological Methods
Disruptive innovations in long-range, cost-effective direct template nucleic acid sequencing are transforming clinical and diagnostic medicine. A multidrug resistant strain and a pan-susceptible strain of Mannheimia haemolytica, isolated from pneumonic bovine lung samples, were sequenced at 146× and 111× coverage, respectively, with Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION. De novo assembly produced a complete genome for the non-resistant strain and a nearly complete assembly for the drug resistant strain. Functional annotation using RAST (Rapid Annotations using Subsystems Technology), CARD (Comprehensive Antibiotic Resistance Database) and ResFinder databases identified genes conferring resistance to different classes of antibiotics including β-lactams, tetracyclines, lincosamides, phenicols, aminoglycosides, sulfonamides and macrolides. Resistance phenotypes of the M. haemolytica strains were determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the antibiotics. Sequencing with a highly portable MinION device corresponded to MIC assays with most of the antimicrobial resistant determinants being identified with as few as 5437 reads, except for the genes responsible for resistance to Fluoroquinolones. The resulting quality assemblies and AMR gene annotation highlight the efficiency of ultra-long read, whole-genome sequencing (WGS) as a valuable tool in diagnostic veterinary medicine.