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Molecular characterization of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium isolates collected from the Dallas, Texas area

Publication

Date: 17th February 2021 | Source: BioRxiv

Authors: Moutusee Islam, Ada Abaragu, Harita Sistu, Ronda L. Akins, Kelli Palmer.

Molecular characterization was performed for 46 vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREfm) isolates and one vancomycin-sensitive comparator obtained during routine fecal surveillance of high-risk patients from a Dallas, Texas area hospital system. Hybrid assemblies of long (Oxford Nanopore Technology) and short (Illumina) sequence reads enabled the generation of 31 complete and 16 draft high quality genome sequences. The VREfm isolates possessed up to 12 plasmids each. A total of 251 closed plasmid sequences, assigned to 12 previously described and 9 newly defined rep family types, were obtained.

Phylogenetic analysis clustered the Dallas isolates into genomic Clade A1, including 10 different sequence types (STs), the most prevalent ones being ST17 and ST18. VREfm isolates with the novel sequence type ST1703 were also identified. All but three of the VREfm isolates encoded vanA-type vancomycin resistance within Tn1546-like elements on a pRUM-like plasmid backbone. New variants of the Tn1546 were described that harbored a combination of 7 insertion sequences (IS) including 3 novel IS elements reported in this study (ISEfa16, ISEfa17 and ISEfa18). The pRUM-like plasmids carrying the Tn1546 were grouped into 4 sub-groups based on the replication and stability modules of the plasmid backbone.

Overall, we conclude that the VREfm isolates analyzed in our collection are representative of other global VanA-type VREfm in that they belong to the Clade A1 lineage, but they possess novel arrangements of the Tn1546-like elements and the vanA operon, which have evolved independently of the pRUM-like backbone.

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