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Mapping and phasing of structural variation in patient genomes using nanopore sequencing

Publication

Date: 6th November 2017 | Source: Nature Communications

Authors: Mircea Cretu Stancu, Markus J. van Roosmalen, Ivo Renkens, Marleen M. Nieboer, Sjors Middelkamp, Joep de Ligt, Giulia Pregno, Daniela Giachino, Giorgia Mandrile, Jose Espejo Valle-Inclan , Jerome Korzelius, Ewart de Bruijn , Michael E. Talkowski, Tobias Marschall, Jeroen de Ridder , Wigard P. Kloosterman.

Despite improvements in genomics technology, the detection of structural variants (SVs) from short-read sequencing still poses challenges, particularly for complex variation. Here we analyse the genomes of two patients with congenital abnormalities using the MinION nanopore sequencer and a novel computational pipeline—NanoSV. We demonstrate that nanopore long reads are superior to short reads with regard to detection of de novo chromothripsis rearrangements. The long reads also enable efficient phasing of genetic variations, which we leveraged to determine the parental origin of all de novo chromothripsis breakpoints and to resolve the structure of these complex rearrangements. Additionally, genome-wide surveillance of inherited SVs reveals novel variants, missed in short-read data sets, a large proportion of which are retrotransposon insertions. We provide a first exploration of patient genome sequencing with a nanopore sequencer and demonstrate the value of long-read sequencing in mapping and phasing of SVs for both clinical and research applications.

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