Products & Services
Applications

Applications

Nanopore sequencing offers advantages in all areas of research. Our offering includes DNA sequencing, as well as RNA and gene expression analysis and future technology for analysing proteins.

Learn about applications
View all Applications
Resources
News Explore
Contact
Back

Landscape and function of multiple mutations within individual oncogenes

Publication

Date: 8th April 2020 | Source: Nature

Authors: Yuki Saito, Junji Koya, Mitsugu Araki, Yasunori Kogure, Sumito Shingaki, Mariko Tabata, Marni B. McClure, Kota Yoshifuji, Shigeyuki Matsumoto, Yuta Isaka, Hiroko Tanaka, Takanori Kanai, Satoru Miyano, Yuichi Shiraishi, Yasushi Okuno & Keisuke Kataoka .

Sporadic reports have described cancer cases in which multiple driver mutations (MMs) occur in the same oncogene. However, the overall landscape and relevance of MMs remain elusive. Here we carried out a pan-cancer analysis of 60,954 cancer samples, and identified 14 pan-cancer and 6 cancer-type-specific oncogenes in which MMs occur more frequently than expected: 9% of samples with at least one mutation in these genes harboured MMs.

In various oncogenes, MMs are preferentially present in cis and show markedly different mutational patterns compared with single mutations in terms of type (missense mutations versus in-frame indels), position and amino-acid substitution, suggesting a cis-acting effect on mutational selection. MMs show an overrepresentation of functionally weak, infrequent mutations, which confer enhanced oncogenicity in combination.

Cells with MMs in the PIK3CA and NOTCH1 genes exhibit stronger dependencies on the mutated genes themselves, enhanced downstream signalling activation and/or greater sensitivity to inhibitory drugs than those with single mutations. Together oncogenic MMs are a relatively common driver event, providing the underlying mechanism for clonal selection of suboptimal mutations that are individually rare but collectively account for a substantial proportion of oncogenic mutations.

Read the full text

Recommended for you

Open a chat to talk to our sales team
FAQs

FAQs

Search