LAMBDR: Long-range amplification and Nanopore sequencing of Mycobacterium bovis direct-repeat region. A novel method for in-silico spoligotyping of M. bovis directly from badger faeces.
Date: 3rd October 2019 | Source: BioRxiv
The environment is an overlooked source of Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine TB. Long read, end to end sequencing of variable repeat regions across the M. bovis genome was evaluated as a method of acquiring rapid strain level resolution directly from environmental samples. Eight samples of M. bovis, two BCG strains (Danish and Pasteur), and a single M. tuberculosis type culture (NCTC 13144) were used to generate data for this method. Long range PCR amplification of the direct repeat region was used to synthesize ~5kb template DNA for onward sequence analysis. This has permitted culture independent identification of M. bovis spoligotypes present in the environment. Sequence level analysis of the direct repeat region showed that spoligotyping may underestimate strain diversity due to the inability to identify both SNPs and primer binding mutations using a biotinylated hybridisation approach.