Hybrid genome assembly and annotation of Danionella translucida, a transparent fish with the smallest known vertebrate brain
3rd February 2019 - BioRxiv
Studying the activity of distributed neuronal circuits at a cellular resolution in vertebrates is very challenging due to the size and optical turbidity of their brains. We recently presented Danionella translucida, a close relative of zebrafish, as a model organism suited for studying large-scale neural network interactions in adult individuals. Danionella remains transparent throughout its life, has the smallest known vertebrate brain and possesses a rich repertoire of complex behaviours. Here we sequenced, assembled and annotated the Danionella translucida genome employing a hybrid Illumina/Nanopore read library as well as RNA-seq of embryonic, larval and adult mRNA. We achieved high assembly continuity using low-coverage long-read data and annotated a large fraction of the transcriptome. This dataset will pave the way for molecular research and targeted genetic manipulation of the smallest known vertebrate brain.