Electronic DNA analysis of CSF cell-free tumor DNA to quantify multi-gene molecular response in pediatric high-grade gliomaPublication
Date: 22nd October 2020 | Source: Clincal Cancer Research
Pediatric high-grade glioma (pHGG) diagnosis portends poor prognosis and therapeutic monitoring remains difficult. Tumors release cell-free tumor DNA (cf-tDNA) into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), allowing for potential detection of tumor-associated mutations by CSF sampling.
We hypothesized that direct, electronic analysis of cf-tDNA with a handheld platform (Oxford Nanopore MinION) could quantify patient-specific CSF cf-tDNA variant allele fraction (VAF) with improved speed and limit of detection compared with established methods.
We performed ultra-short fragment (100–200 bp) PCR amplification of cf-tDNA for clinically actionable alterations in CSF and tumor samples from patients with pHGG (n = 12) alongside nontumor CSF (n = 6).
PCR products underwent rapid amplicon-based sequencing by Oxford Nanopore Technology (Nanopore) with quantification of VAF. Additional comparison to next-generation sequencing (NGS) and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was performed.
Nanopore demonstrated 85% sensitivity and 100% specificity in CSF samples (n = 127 replicates) with 0.1 femtomole DNA limit of detection and 12-hour results, all of which compared favorably with NGS.
Multiplexed analysis provided concurrent analysis of H3.3A (H3F3A) and H3C2 (HIST1H3B) mutations in a nonbiopsied patient and results were confirmed by ddPCR. Serial CSF cf-tDNA sequencing by Nanopore demonstrated correlation of radiological response on a clinical trial, with one patient showing dramatic multi-gene molecular response that predicted long-term clinical response.
Nanopore sequencing of ultra-short pHGG CSF cf-tDNA fragments is feasible, efficient, and sensitive with low-input samples thus overcoming many of the barriers restricting wider use of CSF cf-tDNA diagnosis and monitoring in this patient population.