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Distinguishing between carrier and noncarrier embryos with the use of long-read sequencing in preimplantation genetic testing for reciprocal translocations

Publication

Date: 1st April 2019 | Source: Genomics

Authors: Judy F. C. Chow, Heidi H. Y. Cheng, Estella Y. L. Lau, William S. B. Yeung, Ernest H .Y. Ng.

Balanced reciprocal translocation carriers are usually phenotypically normal but are at an increased risk of infertility, recurrent miscarriage or having affected children. Preimplantation genetic testing on chromosomal structural rearrangement (PGT-SR) offers a way to screen against unbalanced embryos. Here, we demonstrated a new method to distinguish carrier from noncarrier embryos. Translocation breakpoints were first delineated by nanopore sequencing followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) across breakpoints. High-resolution breakpoint mapping was successful in all (9/9) balanced reciprocal translocation carriers. Retrospective analysis of their embryo biopsies with breakpoint PCR showed 100% concordant results with PGT-SR on trophectoderm biopsies (40/40) and 53% concordance on blastomere biopsies (8/15). The low concordant rate in blastomeres was due to failure in the amplification of derivative chromosomes involving large deletions. Breakpoint PCR also showed 100% concordant results with prenatal/postnatal outcomes on 5 pregnancies, indicating that our new method can accurately distinguish carrier from noncarrier embryos.

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