Distinguishing between carrier and noncarrier embryos with the use of long-read sequencing in preimplantation genetic testing for reciprocal translocations
Date: 1st April 2019 | Source: Genomics
Balanced reciprocal translocation carriers are usually phenotypically normal but are at an increased risk of infertility, recurrent miscarriage or having affected children. Preimplantation genetic testing on chromosomal structural rearrangement (PGT-SR) offers a way to screen against unbalanced embryos. Here, we demonstrated a new method to distinguish carrier from noncarrier embryos. Translocation breakpoints were first delineated by nanopore sequencing followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) across breakpoints. High-resolution breakpoint mapping was successful in all (9/9) balanced reciprocal translocation carriers. Retrospective analysis of their embryo biopsies with breakpoint PCR showed 100% concordant results with PGT-SR on trophectoderm biopsies (40/40) and 53% concordance on blastomere biopsies (8/15). The low concordant rate in blastomeres was due to failure in the amplification of derivative chromosomes involving large deletions. Breakpoint PCR also showed 100% concordant results with prenatal/postnatal outcomes on 5 pregnancies, indicating that our new method can accurately distinguish carrier from noncarrier embryos.