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Detection of base analogs incorporated during DNA replication by nanopore sequencing

Publication

Date: 25th July 2020 | Source: Nucleic Acids Research

Authors: Daniela Georgieva, Qian Liu, Kai Wang, Dieter Egli.

DNA synthesis is a fundamental requirement for cell proliferation and DNA repair, but no single method can identify the location, direction and speed of replication forks with high resolution. Mammalian cells have the ability to incorporate thymidine analogs along with the natural A, T, G and C bases during DNA synthesis, which allows for labeling of replicating or repaired DNA.

Here, we demonstrate the use of the Oxford Nanopore Technologies MinION to detect 11 different thymidine analogs including CldU, BrdU, IdU as well as EdU alone or coupled to Biotin and other bulky adducts in synthetic DNA templates.

We also show that the large adduct Biotin can be distinguished from the smaller analog IdU, which opens the possibility of using analog combinations to identify the location and direction of DNA synthesis. Furthermore, we detect IdU label on single DNA molecules in the genome of mouse pluripotent stem cells and using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated enrichment, determine replication rates using newly synthesized DNA strands in human mitochondrial DNA.

We conclude that this novel method, termed Replipore sequencing, has the potential for on target examination of DNA replication in a wide range of biological contexts.

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