A comprehensive overview of FCGR3A gene variability by full-length gene sequencing including the identification of V158F polymorphism
29th October 2018 - Scientific Reports
The FCGR3A gene encodes for the receptor important for antibody-dependent natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity. FCGR3A gene polymorphisms could affect the success of monoclonal antibody therapy. Although polymorphisms, such as the FcγRIIIA-V158F and -48L/R/H, have been studied extensively, an overview of other polymorphisms within this gene is lacking. To provide an overview of FCGR3A polymorphisms, we analysed the 1000 Genomes project database and found a total of 234 polymorphisms within the FCGR3A gene, of which 69%, 16%, and 15% occur in the intron, UTR, and exon regions respectively. Additionally, only 16% of all polymorphisms had a minor allele frequency (MAF) > 0.01. To facilitate (full-length) analysis of FCGR3A gene polymorphism, we developed a FCGR3A gene-specific amplification and sequencing protocol for Sanger sequencing and MinION (Nanopore Technologies). First, we used the Sanger sequencing protocol to study the presence of the V158F polymorphism in 76 individuals resulting in frequencies of 38% homozygous T/T, 7% homozygous G/G and 55% heterozygous. Next, we performed a pilot with both Sanger sequencing and MinION based sequencing of 14 DNA samples which showed a good concordance between Sanger- and MinION sequencing. Additionally, we detected 13 SNPs listed in the 1000 Genome Project, from which 11 had MAF > 0.01, and 10 SNPs were not listed in 1000 Genome Project. In summary, we demonstrated that FCGR3A gene is more polymorphic than previously described. As most novel polymorphisms are located in non-coding regions, their functional relevance needs to be studied in future functional studies.