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Accurate assembly of the olive baboon (Papio anubis) genome using long-read and Hi-C data

Publication

Date: 24th June 2019 | Source: BioRxiv

Authors: Sanjit Singh Batra, Michal Levy-Sakin, Jacqueline Robinson, Joseph Guillory, Steffen Durinck, Pui-Yan Kwok, Laura A. Cox, Somasekar Seshagiri, Yun S. Song, Jeffrey D. Wall.

Besides macaques, baboons are the most commonly used nonhuman primate in biomedical research. Despite this importance, the genomic resources for baboons are quite limited. In particular, the current baboon reference genome Panu_3.0 is a highly fragmented, reference-guided (i.e., not fully de novo) assembly, and its poor quality inhibits our ability to conduct downstream genomic analyses. Here we present a truly de novo genome assembly of the olive baboon (Papio anubis) that uses data from several recently developed single-molecule technologies. Our assembly, Panubis1.0, has an N50 contig size of ~1.46 Mb (as opposed to 139 Kb for Panu_3.0), and has single scaffolds that span each of the 20 autosomes and the X chromosome. We highlight multiple lines of evidence (including Bionano Genomics data, pedigree linkage information, and linkage disequilibrium data) suggesting that there are several large assembly errors in Panu_3.0, which have been corrected in Panubis1.0.

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