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Transferable Acinetobacter baumannii plasmid pDETAB2 encodes OXA-58 and NDM-1 and represents a new class of antibiotic resistance plasmids

Publication

Date: 27th January 2021 | Source: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

Authors: Haiyang Liu, Robert A Moran, Ying Chen, Emma L Doughty, Xiaoting Hua, Yan Jiang, Qingye Xu, Linghong Zhang, Jessica M A Blair, Alan McNally, Willem van Schaik, Yunsong Yu.

Objectives

To characterize a blaOXA-58- and blaNDM-1-containing MDR plasmid from a rare Acinetobacter baumannii lineage and compare it with related plasmids to explore the distribution and evolution of a new plasmid group.

Methods

A. baumannii DETAB-P2 was isolated from a rectal swab of an intensive care patient. Antibiotic susceptibility was determined using broth microdilution. DETAB-P2 was mated with A. baumannii ATCC 17978 and putative transconjugants were characterized by S1/PFGE and Southern hybridization. WGS was performed on the Illumina and Oxford Nanopore platforms. MLST was performed with the Pasteur and Oxford schemes. Antibiotic resistance genes were identified with ABRicate. Plasmid sequence annotation was performed manually. Complete plasmids in GenBank with the same rep gene were used for comparative analyses.

Results

A. baumannii DETAB-P2 was ST138 by the Pasteur scheme and a novel Oxford type, ST2209. It transferred blaOXA-58 and blaNDM-1 to ATCC 17978 in the 100 072 bp plasmid pDETAB2 that also carried bleMBLsul2, aacC2d, tet(39), msr(E)-mph(E) and putative mercury resistance and RND efflux system determinants. pDETAB2 represents a new plasmid type, GR34, and contained 16 pdif sites and several novel dif modules. Only a 10 kbp core sequence is shared amongst pDETAB2 and 18 further GR34 plasmids in GenBank, with diverse accessory regions comprised of various dif modules.

Conclusions

GR34 plasmids are found in several Acinetobacter species from diverse environments. They display considerable variation in accessory content owing to the presence of pdif sites and an array of dif modules, some of which contain antibiotic resistance genes.

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