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Third-generation sequencing: any future opportunities for PGT?

Publication

Date: 19th November 2020 | Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics

Authors: Sai Liu, Hui Wang, Don Leigh, David S. Cram, Li Wang, Yuanqing Yao .

Purpose

To investigate use of the third-generation sequencing (TGS) Oxford Nanopore system as a new approach for preimplantation genetic testing (PGT).

Methods

Embryos with known structural variations underwent multiple displacement amplification to create fragments of DNA (average ~ 5 kb) suitable for sequencing on a nanopore.

Results

High-depth sequencing identified the deletion interval for the relatively large HBA1/2--SEA alpha thalassemia deletion. In addition, STRs were able to be identified in the primary sequence data for potential use in conventional PGT-M linkage confirmation. Sequencing of amplified embryo DNA carrying a translocation enabled balanced embryos to be identified and gave the precise identification of translocation breakpoints, offering the opportunity to differentiate carriers from non-carrier embryos. Low-pass sequencing gave reproducible profiles suitable for simple identification of whole-chromosome and segmental aneuploidies.

Conclusion

TGS on the Oxford Nanopore is a possible alternative and versatile approach to PGT with potential for performing economical workups where the long read sequencing information can be used for assisting in a traditional PGT workup to design an accurate and reliable test. Additionally, application of TGS has the possibility of providing combined PGT-A/SR or in selected stand-alone PGT-M cases involving pathogenic deletions. Both of these applications offer the opportunity for simultaneous aneuploidy detection to select either balanced embryos for transfer or additional carrier identification. The low cost of the instrument offers new laboratories economical entry into onsite PGT.

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